Heroin is a highly addictive, illegal drug. It is used by millions of addicts around the world who are unable to overcome the urge to continue taking this drug every day of their lives – knowing that if they stop, they will face the horror of withdrawal.
Heroin (like opium and morphine) is made from the resin of poppy plants. Milky, sap-like opium is first removed from the pod of the poppy flower. This opium is refined to make morphine, then further refined into different forms of heroin.
Most heroin is injected, creating additional risks for the user, who faces the danger of AIDS or other infections on top of the pain of addiction.
“Heroin cut me off from the rest of the world. My parents kicked me out. My friends and my brothers didn’t want to see me anymore. I was all alone.” – Suzanne
A VICIOUS CIRCLE
During the 1850’s, opium addiction was a major problem in the USA. The “solution” was to provide opium addicts with a less potent and supposedly “non-addictive” substitute – morphine. Morphine addiction soon became a bigger problem than opium addiction.
As with opium, the morphine problem was solved by another “non-addictive” substitute – heroin, which proved to be even more addictive than morphine. With the heroin problem came yet another “non-addictive substitute – the drug now known as methadone. First developed in 1937 by German scientists searching for a surgical painkiller, it was exported to the US and widely used as a treatment for heroin addiction. Unfortunately, it proved to be even more addictive than heroin.
By the late 1990’s the mortality rate of heroin addicts was estimate to be as high as 20 times greater than the rest of the population.